- The black widow – Black widows are entirely black with characteristic red spots on their abdomen. They are the world heavyweight champion of scary spiders. Black widows actually do have a highly potent active venom that can pose a health hazard to humans. Typically, those most at risk of death or serious complications are the very young and the very old. Infants particularly are in danger of black widow bites since they are much smaller than adults. Even adults should seek immediate medical attention if they are bitten by a black widow.
- The brown recluse – The brown recluse is so named because of its affinity for dark remote spaces. In fact, if you’ve ever heard a horror story about someone finding a spider on a sweater they’d left in the closet all summer, it was probably a brown recluse. While the brown recluse won’t go out of its way to bite people, it can when it feels threatened. Their venom is not nearly as potent as the black widow’s, but their bite hurts and wounds left behind can become infected. If that happens, you will need a trip to the hospital.
- Cellar spiders – These guys look scary because of their very large legs and very small bodies, but they aren’t dangerous to humans. They like dark places that offer them a variety of insects to eat.
- The funnel-web spider – Funnel-web spiders are dark brown with characteristic dark stripes on their bodies and legs. They are mostly harmless to people as they feed on smaller insects, but if you see a lot of them around your home, that’s a sign of a bigger insect problem.
- Wolf spiders – Wolf spiders are reddish and have black markings. Unlike other spiders, they don’t create webs. Instead, they hunt their prey like a wolf, hence the name. They will bite you if they see you, but their venom is not dangerous, only irritating.
How To Avoid Spiders In Your Home
Chances are if you have a spider problem in your home, you have a lot of shrubbery out front in your garden. Spiders go where the food is, and, if your home has a lot of insects in it, then you’re going to have a spider problem. While everyone gets a spider in their home every once in a while, when you start noticing them often, that’s when you know it’s time to take action. To avoid future spider problems, you can:
- Remove shrubbery from around your home
- Seal cracks in the foundation of your home
- Eliminate outdoor lighting that draws flying insects
- Replace flood lights with sodium vapor lighting
- Reduce clutter inside your home (spiders don’t like wide open spaces)