Identifying A Mole Problem
There isn’t a lot you can do to prevent moles from reaching your property. You can deal with them once they get there and you can prevent them from doing extensive damage. You will likely not see the mole itself, but you will see ridges and molehills and these can be used to identify the mole problem.
Moles dig two types of tunnels. There are those that are just above the surface of the ground as they’re searching for food. These can leave unsightly ridges of upraised earth. Deep mole tunnels are deeper beneath the earth. While the tunnels themselves do not disturb the soil, deep tunnels are what result in molehills.
These types of tunnels also correspond to the two reasons why moles dig tunnels. The first is to hunt, which they must do often as they cannot put on body fat and their bodies burn energy inefficiently. The second is to nest. The litter disperses with each pup going on its separate way and creating its own network of tunneling.
The Pros & Cons Of Moles
While moles will make lawns unsightly, they provide many benefits to the natural world. By aerating the soil, they can help spread nutrients to other parts of the soil that would otherwise lack access. Additionally, they feed on grubs that destroy grass, plants, and trees.
On the other hand, no one wants a lawn with a bunch of molehills on it. Moles destroy the roots of various types of grasses and create hazards for small children and pets if their tunnels collapse. In the winter months, moles will dig in close to your home which supplies them with heat. If they get too close, they can damage your foundation and cause mold and mildew to set in. Lastly, moles can spread various diseases including rabies.
Mole Control & Prevention
There are ways to prevent moles from getting onto your property. One of those ways is to dig trenches around vulnerable areas that are around two to three feet deep. These must be lined with a wire mesh. Another method targets the food sources of moles which include grubs. However, moles also like earthworms and there’s no real way to keep those out of your soil. Additionally, you will want to keep your yard clear of leaves in the fall. This will make it easier to spot mole activity and make the ground less hospitable to grubs.
Professional pest control specialists typically use traps to deal with moles. Moles are solitary creatures and trapping is an effective method of dealing with them. Some are designed like mouse traps to kill the mole on the spot. Others can leave the mole alive and then the pest control specialists will deposit the mole in a location where it and you will be happier.
Interesting Facts About Moles
- Moles are insectivores that feed on various insects, grubs, earthworms, and larvae
- Moles can live up to six years
- Moles are not classified as rodents even though they bear a remarkable resemblance to them
- Moles can survive in climates with high levels of carbon dioxide and low levels of oxygen
- When the weather gets colder, moles will dig deeper underground
- Moles do not hibernate because they cannot store fat; they must eat all year round
- Mole saliva contains a chemical that paralyzes worms allowing them to store some worm for later